martes, 25 de mayo de 2010

Types of Societies




Special features

Hunting and gathering societies

The vast majority of these societies existed in the past.

They depended upon their immediate enviroment and they were nomadic.

They travelled long distances for hunt, made clothes, gathered plants

Pastoral societies

First emerged 12,000 years ago

They domesticated animals, stored food, maked storing food.

They were traders, healers, spiritual leaders, craftspeople...

Horticultural societies

Appeared in different parts of the planet about the same time as pastoral societies.

They cultivated fruits, vegetables and plants.

They were mobile, they forced the people to leave.

Agricultural societies

They appeared as long as 8,500 years ago that led to cultivating crops and raising farm animals.

They were rulers, educators, craftspeople, merchants, and religious leaders

Women had higher social status because they shared labor more equally with men.

Feudal societies

- Feudalism: from the 9th to 15th centuries.

- Capitalism:
between the 14th and 16th centuries.

The lords exploited the peasants into providing food, crops, crafts, homage, and other services to the owner of the land.

The introduction of foreign metals, silks, and spices stimulated great commercial activity in Europe.

Industrial societies

The period during the 18th century when the production of goods in mechanized factories began as the Industrial Revolution, first in Britain.

Social power moved into the hands of business elites and governmental officials, leading to struggles between industrialists and workers.

Cultural diversity increased, as did social mobility. Large cities emerged as places to find jobs in factories.

Postindustrial societies

In the actuality, when the world the world is witnessing a technological revolution.

The society is being shaped by the human mind, aided by computer technology. The stores store, manipulate, and sell information.

Sociologists predict increased levels of education and training, consumerism, availability of goods, and social mobility.

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