jueves, 27 de mayo de 2010

The gipsies

Where did the gipsy people come from?
Gypsies migrated out of India into Europe as early as the eleventh century.

How many gipsies are there in the world?

Between 5 and 8 million.

How many gipsies are there in Spain?

Gypsy population range as low as 500,000 and as high as 700,000.

What language do they speak in Spain?

They speak a language known as Romany.

What do you think the gipsies are excluded for the society?

Yes, because there are people that think they are differents, because they have different costums, languages...

Are social integration programmes necesary? why?/why not?

Yes, because in this way, they know what to do.

martes, 25 de mayo de 2010

Types of Societies




Special features

Hunting and gathering societies

The vast majority of these societies existed in the past.

They depended upon their immediate enviroment and they were nomadic.

They travelled long distances for hunt, made clothes, gathered plants

Pastoral societies

First emerged 12,000 years ago

They domesticated animals, stored food, maked storing food.

They were traders, healers, spiritual leaders, craftspeople...

Horticultural societies

Appeared in different parts of the planet about the same time as pastoral societies.

They cultivated fruits, vegetables and plants.

They were mobile, they forced the people to leave.

Agricultural societies

They appeared as long as 8,500 years ago that led to cultivating crops and raising farm animals.

They were rulers, educators, craftspeople, merchants, and religious leaders

Women had higher social status because they shared labor more equally with men.

Feudal societies

- Feudalism: from the 9th to 15th centuries.

- Capitalism:
between the 14th and 16th centuries.

The lords exploited the peasants into providing food, crops, crafts, homage, and other services to the owner of the land.

The introduction of foreign metals, silks, and spices stimulated great commercial activity in Europe.

Industrial societies

The period during the 18th century when the production of goods in mechanized factories began as the Industrial Revolution, first in Britain.

Social power moved into the hands of business elites and governmental officials, leading to struggles between industrialists and workers.

Cultural diversity increased, as did social mobility. Large cities emerged as places to find jobs in factories.

Postindustrial societies

In the actuality, when the world the world is witnessing a technological revolution.

The society is being shaped by the human mind, aided by computer technology. The stores store, manipulate, and sell information.

Sociologists predict increased levels of education and training, consumerism, availability of goods, and social mobility.

lunes, 24 de mayo de 2010

Population Rates

1. Why is it called a crude rate?

Because is referred to simply as the birth rate.

2. What aspect of population growth or decline is not measured by the natural increase calculation?

The infant mortality, the number of children for woman, the fertility...

3. Calculate the Birth and Death Rates for Ireland in each of the four years.

Birth Rate:

-1995: 13/1000
-1998: 14/1000
-2000: 14/1000
-2002: 15/1000

Death Rate:

-1995: 8/1000
-1998: 8/1000
-2000: 8/1000
-2002: 7/1000

4. Calculate the Natural Increase for Ireland in each of the four years.

Natural Increase:

-1995: 4/1000
-1998: 5/1000
-2000: 6/100
-2002: 7/1000

Write a short paragraph outlining the population changes experienced over the period from 1995 to 2002, based on this data.

The Birth Rate increased, but the Deaths went down. So, the population increased.

lunes, 17 de mayo de 2010

Doctors Without Borders

• Would you be prepared to work in one of them? Why? Why not?
Yes, bacause there is a lot of people that need help.

• What problems face most people in developing countries?

They haven't got any food and water, they've got some illnes, they haven't got a house to live, a little education...

• Would their situation be better if the birth rate fell? Why? Why not?

Yes, because if they are less person, the few goods will be easier to distribute into the poor people and there are more for person.

• Why do many people in Africa die before they are 40 years old?

Because his life is more difficult than in other countries, and they hardly support with the illnes, the poverty, they are unhealthy...

• Why is a child in an underdeveloped country more likely to die than a child in a developed one?

Because they work from an early age to contribute to family income and they have to support the illness.

Population of the world

The regions that are localized in the northern emisphere, bacause is a temperate zone, especially between 20º and 50º latitude North.

WHICH ARE THE MOST DENSELY POPULATED COUNTRIES? Is all territory densely populated.
China, India and Japan, have about 2,500 million people, almost 40% of the world's population.

Spread of the potato

When the Spanish conquerors reached the Peruvian Andes in the early 1500s, they found the Incas growing potatoes. The Spaniards called them batata because they resembled the sweet potato grown in the West Indies.

From its origin in the highlands of Southern Peru the domesticated potato has been transported all around the world.

The first diffusion of the domesticated potato was within the Americas. It started (possibly thousands of years ago) when early farmers from the highlands of southern Peru, took their crop plants both further north into Central America and South to southern Chile.

I think potatoes are good because are tough and durable, store well, and have an ompressive nutritional content including being a rich source of fiber, potassium and vitamin C. Like other fruits and vegetables, potatoes are a low calorie food and are free of fat, choresterol, and sodium. However, the leaves and stems of a potato plant are poisonous and may cause illness when onfested.

jueves, 13 de mayo de 2010

Charles V

Where was born Charles V?
24 february 1500

Could Charles V make decisions alone?
No, because he needed the approval of the Parliaments of each kingdom.

Whose approval did he need before increasing taxes, for example?
The approval of the Parliaments of each kingdom.

Who were the children of Charles I?
Philip II of Spain, Maria of Spain, Joan of Spain, Johana Maria

Who ruled each territory in the king’s name?

The viceroy or governor.

Why did the king need to ask for loans?

Because all of the wars ruined the economy.

Why did Charles V have problems with France?

Because always they were the enemys of Spain.

The main battles against France

The battle of Pavia

Why were the Ottoman Turks his rivals?

Because they want the spanish territories of the Mediterranean.

The main battles against the Ottoman Empire

The turkish wars in the Mediterranean.

What was his most serious problem?

The protestantism.

How did he divide his possessions when he surrendered his power?

To his brother Ferdinand and his son Philip

Where Charles V decided to retire
When he faliured the intent of stop the protestantism.